Because poverty is one of the biggest obstacles to reconciliation, these issues must be addressed together. Cows provide milk, manure for fertilizer and biomass, and (after reproduction) meat; thereby strengthening the beneficiaries’ incomes and giving reason for hope for the future. Cattle-breeding is a status symbol in the Rwandan society and restores the self-esteem of the beneficiaries. The goal of Cow for Peace is to enable all participants to experience a trustful cooperation between former opponents and improve their personal circumstances as well as those of society as a whole. This experience causes a sustainable difference in the attitude, mindset and behavior patterns of the participants and thereby fosters unity and rehabilitation in Rwandan society.